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The dogs that get their name from the island of Newfoundland appeal to every animal lover, and there are now two established varieties, black and white and black. There are also bronze colored dogs, but they are rare. The black variety of Newfoundland is essentially black; but that does not mean that there may not be another color, as most of the Black Newlands have white markings. In fact, a white mark on the chest is said to be typical of the true breed. Anything white on the head or body would place the dog in a variety other than black. The black color should preferably have a dull jet appearance which approximates brown. In the class other than black, there may be black and tan, bronze and white and black. The latter predominates, and in this color, the beauty of the marking is very important. The head should be black with a white muzzle and flame, and the body and legs should be white with large black spots on the saddle and quarters, with possibly other small black spots on the body and legs.

Besides the color, the varieties must conform to the same standard. The head should be broad and massive, but in no case heavy in appearance. The muzzle must be short, square and of clean cut, the eyes rather apart, deeply sunk, dark and small, showing no falcon; ears small, with a narrow lateral carriage, covered with fine and short hair (there should be no fringe on the ears), expression full of intelligence, dignity and kindness.

The body must be long, square and massive, the loins strong and full; deep and broad chest; legs fairly straight, a little short in relation to the length of the body, and powerful, with a round bone well covered with muscle; large, round and closed feet. The tail should be just long enough to reach just below the hocks, without creases and never curled over the back. The quality of the coat is very important; the coat must be very dense, with a lot of undercoat; the outer layer a little hard and quite straight.

The appearance should generally indicate a dog of great strength, and very active for his build and size, moving freely with the body swung freely between the legs, which gives a slight roll in the gait. As for size, the Newfoundland Club standard is 140 pounds. at 120 pounds. weight for a dog, and 110 pounds. at 120 pounds. for a bitch, with an average shoulder height of 27 inches and 25 inches respectively; but it is doubtful whether dogs in good condition meet both requirements.

When raising puppies, feed them soft foods, such as well-boiled rice and milk, as soon as they overlap and, shortly after, lean scraped meat. Newfoundland puppies need a lot of meat to promote good growth. Puppies should gain weight at the rate of 3 pounds. a week, and it requires a lot of meat, bones and food for muscle building, a lot of meat, raw and cooked. Milk is also good, but it needs to be reinforced with casein. The secret to growing full-sized dogs with lots of bone and substance is a good start from birth, good nutrition, warm, dry quarters, and the freedom for puppies to roam and practice. their own way. Forced exercise can hurt their legs. Medication should not be necessary except for worms, and puppies should be physically examined for these shortly after weaning, and again at three or four months of age, or before that if they do not develop. If they are free from worms, Newfoundland puppies will be found to be quite hardy, and with proper food and housing conditions, they will be easy to rear.

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